Genetic Counselling

The goal of Genetic Counselling is to make an early diagnosis in people who are carriers of a genetic mutation that currently is known to be involved in the development of hereditary tumours or people at risk of having a genetic disease. In many cases, these people have a family history suggestive of hereditary transmission in whom, probably, there are no clinical signs of cancer, but they have a high probability of developing it at any given moment in their life.

In accordance with international guidelines for clinical practice, genetics tests are recommended when:

  1. An individual has a personal or family history suggestive of a syndrome of hereditary predisposition to cancer.
  2. The results of genetic tests can be interpreted.
  3. When the results of a genetic test will aid diagnosis or will influence the medical or surgical handling of an individual or members of their family.

It is estimated that only between 5 % and 10 % of all cancers are hereditary.

Breakthroughs in genetics and the discovery of the genes responsible for the predisposition to certain oncological diseases allow individuals and families at risk of developing breast-ovarian cancer, polyposis and non-polyposis colon cancer, or other illnesses such as multiple endocrine neoplasia, retinoblastoma or Von-Hipple-Lindau disease to be identified.

Breast cancer, ovarian cancer and colorectal cancer are tumours that are most commonly identified with hereditary syndromes.

The IVO Foundation’s Hereditary Cancer Genetic Counselling Unit (UCGC) began its activity in the year 2007, as one of the five reference UCGCs within the Hereditary Cancer Programme of the Valencian Community.

At the UCGCs, while respecting the principles of autonomy and privacy, the risk of having a genetic mutation associated with a known hereditary cancer syndrome is assessed, the necessary psychological support is given and, if applicable, a genetic study is offered. Depending on the results of this study, advice is given, and the person will be advised, on a case by case basis, of the preventive measures and key factors to replica watch for in themselves and their family members.

The UCGS then goes on to write a report for the patient, for the clinical services that referred them, and for the services in charge of following up their case and/or preventive actions that have been recommended. All of the cases attended at the UCGCs are registered in a common information management system, which is maintained by the Oncology Plan of the Valencian Community offices, which allows compliance to the recommendations to be rated and the programme to be evaluated.

 

 

Medical Staff

The IVO Foundation’s UCGC is integrated in the Medical Oncology Department and is made up by a broad multidisciplinary team of professionals from various disciplines: medical oncology, molecular biology, pathology, psycho-oncology, surgery, gynaecology, and nursing.

Valencia Hospital Complex
Edificio Antonio Llombart Rodríguez
Edificio José Simó
Edificio Consultas Externas
Nuevo edificio
Edificio Trade Center
Edificio Cruz
Other units
VALENCIA Early Diagnosis Unit
ALCOY Radiotherapy Unit
CUENCA Radiotherapy Unit
© 2015 IVO Fundación Instituto Valenciano de Oncología

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